What are Peptides?

Do you know that peptides act as building blocks in your body? Well a peptide consists of more than two amino acids. Peptides are much smaller compared to proteins, and they are also amino acid chains. Molecules that are small enough in size to be produced from constituent amino acids, all together are known as peptides. In general peptides are compounds that are formed when proteins are broken down and they are usually made up of two or more amino acids interconnected together in a systematic comprehensive arrangement. AmericanScienceLabs.com states that peptides play several roles in your body, and they are well classified with their general functions. Here are top best 7 functions of peptides according to the latest medical research.

peptide

  1. OFFER STRUCTURAL SUPPORT IN YOUR BODY.

The lengthy chains that peptides form results to formation of proteins that acts as building blocks in your body. Keratin is a form of protein in your body that helps in the growth of nails and even human hair. Also collagen, a peptide protein, forms part of ligaments and tendons and is responsible for muscle strength and structure, skin formation and also plays a part in bone formation and strengthening.

  1. ACT AS TRANSPORTING AGENTS.

Some peptides in your body play a role in transporting glucose through your body into your body muscles which aid in energy production. On the other hand some peptides are responsible for exiting waste products from your body. These peptides selectively allow certain substances to penetrate a cell through the cells membrane.

  1. HORMONAL FUNCTION.

A hormone is a peptide that helps in relaying signal between the cells and glands in the human body. This form of peptide plays a role in regulation of sugar levels in your body and can also control sleep as well. The kidney, intestines, the liver and also the endocrine glands contribute to the making of this peptide. Other peptides that make up the common hormones include; human growth hormone, gastrins, oxytocins and also bradykinins.

  1. HELPS IN SPEEDING PROCESS IN THE BODY.

Enzymes are good examples of peptides that act as catalyst. Catalysts generally have a role in speeding up chemical reactions in the body. According to research, enzymes are peptides that are located all over our body and their main function is to speed up reactions that are responsible for most processes in the body system. Such processes may include; energy production and also digestion as well. A good example is when you consume meat, the intestines in your body contains enzymes that facilitate the breakdown of proteins into assorted peptides that are in turn digested or either extracted from the body depending on what your body needs.

  1. ACT AS SIGNAL AND REGULATORS.

A good example is the neuropeptides that are found in the neural tissues. This peptide is responsible for regulation and transmission of signal throughout the neurosystem in your body. The brain transmits and regulates these processes through the body system. Other forms of neuropeptides may include Endorphins which play a role in reducing stress and pain.

  1. ACT AS DEFENCE MECHANISMS.

A good example is antibiotics. These are forms of peptides are built to prevent the growth of micro organisms in the body system. In the medicine industry, these peptides are used in medicinal drugs which aid in killing of disease causing organisms such as bacteria, parasites and fungi.

  1. ALKALOIDS USE ENERGY FOR DETOXIFICATION.

Alkaloids are forms of peptides that act as defense mechanisms against any toxins in your body. The foods that you eat generally contain alkaloids; hence your body treats these foods as toxins, so it oxidizes this foods making them soluble to water by the help of your body’s mixed function oxidase, thus enabling them to be extracted from your body system as fast as possible. Too much consumption of foods that contain alkaloids can result to too much energy consumption, that could otherwise have been used by the body for repair and growth as well.

Peptides play a big role in the human body but this depends with the amino acid that is involved in the process. While others play a role as antibiotics, some function as regulating hormones. Your body is meant to function with peptides in order for it to perform efficiently. Additional research is much needed, and the institution interested in buying peptides can find many online vendors.